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• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础

## 经济代写|供应链管理代写supply chain management代考|Summary of types of layout

The study of the links between process and product has led to the identification of different types of organizational structures of production, according to a distinction that develops from methods of managing extremely fragmentary and heterogeneous flows, until the definition of an orderly and continuous flow. From an organizational and management standpoint, an additional element of differentiation of production systems lies in the characteristics of the layout, i.e. in the floor plan of areas, machines, and equipment, around which the materials and components used in the transformation and placed at the operators’ workstations are moved.

Although in reality mixed layouts are prevalent, it is possible to identify some principal types, represented in Figure 2.4, such as:

• fixed position or fixed product layout;
• layout by process or function;
• layout by product or line;
• layout by group technology or cell.
A fixed position layout (also known as worksite or fixed product layout) entails the stationariness of the article in a set location, around which the equipment, labor, and materials and components for its production revolve and are moved. This solution, essentially linked to processes of assembly, is dictated by objective logistical reasons, as in the case of civil engineering works or large plants, that necessary must be located at the construction site, or by considerations of economic convenience, as in the case of naval and aviation worksites, in which the product is removed at the end of the work cycle, and the equipment is not, as in the previous example.

## 经济代写|供应链管理代写supply chain management代考|Physiology and pathology in Operations Management

Design interventions regarding production systems can be divided into ex novo interventions (green field), the original action carried out at the time a Production Unit is created, or adjustment (or reorientation) actions, if they involve revisions in the processes of management of operations induced by the natural evolution of company activities. Such adjustments, that are possible from the standpoint of organization, management, or technology, can assume the character of gradual evolutions or true breakthroughs. The intensity and breadth of the change can entail more or less radical modifications in the management policies and industrial structures in order to adapt them to the needs of competition. In the context of adjustment actions, we will thus speak of evolution, to describe the continuous adjustment of the production system driven by the search for superior performance, reorganization for the changes to the organizational and management structures of production, and restructuring (or foot-print redesign) in cases in which the assets (plants, structures, technologies, etc.) are affected by the redesign process.

Leaving aside newly-created companies, that by their nature deal with problems of assessing investments that are very complex and linked to much more general considerations, the others evolution, reorganization, and restructuring of the production system – become unavoidable in the presence of inadequate operations responses to the needs of competition, whether obvious or only perceived. Those interventions can start with changes to business strategies, manifest technological obsolescence, the opening to innovative management solutions that do not fit well with the existing processes, the competitive pressure produced by competitors or new entrants into the markets, and so on. Over time, such phenomena tend to translate into unsatisfactory performances with respect to market cxpectations or corporate governance, and tensions among the components of the production structure; multiple signals that the management must be able to recognize promptly and process, in order to prepare the most appropriate solutions. Delays or superficiality in the perception of signs of inadequacy that emanate from businesses or the preparation of appropriate responses can translate into pathologies that at times are much worse and can become irreversible (Grando, 1993).
The company management is thus pushed, on the one hand, to govern increasingly complex phenomena, and on the other, to search for timely and reliable solutions faced with the greater rapidity of change. In that sense, a need arises to grasp the warning signs of such changes in advance and to fully evaluate their repercussions, not setting limits of a functional nature or regarding the time horizon of the choices to be made.

# 供应链管理代考

## 经济代写|供应链管理代写supply chain management代考|Summary of types of layout

• 固定位置或固定产品布局；
• 按流程或功能布局；
• 按产品或线布局；
• 按组技术或单元布局。
固定位置布局（也称为工地或固定产品布局）是指物品在固定位置上的静止，其生产的设备、劳动力、材料和部件围绕该位置旋转和移动。这种解决方案基本上与装配过程相关，是由客观的后勤原因决定的，例如土木工程或大型工厂，必须将其设置在施工现场，或者出于经济便利的考虑，例如在这种情况下海军和航空工地，其中产品在工作周期结束时被移除，而设备则不是，如前面的例子。

## 有限元方法代写

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## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。

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